WebDesktop - Smartphones - Tablets  | North America | Keeping up-to-date on social exclusion worldwide | PRESS REVIEW (North America) about social exclusion: Poverty | Inequality | Education | Child health | Teen Health | Mental disorders | LGBTQ | NON-PROFIT initiative : Our mission is to provide the best information on social exclusion worldwide || Raising awareness on the damaging effects of social exclusion

Search This Blog



Tags about global social exclusion | North America

Tuesday, 20 June 2017

What is addiction?

What is addiction?
- It might seem strange to group gambling problems in the same category as a problem with drugs or alcohol. But addiction experts are beginning to move away from the notion that there are multiple addictions, each tied to a specific substance or activity. Rather, the Syndrome Model of Addiction suggests that there is one addiction that is associated with multiple expressions. An object of addiction can be almost anything — a drug or drug-free activity. For addiction to develop, the drug or activity must shift a person’s subjective experience in a desirable direction — feeling good or feeling better.
Several scientific advances have shaped our contemporary understanding of this common and complex problem. For example, brain-imaging technologies have revealed that our brains respond similarly to different pleasurable experiences, whether derived from ingesting psychoactive substances, such as alcohol and other drugs, or engaging in behaviors, such as gambling, shopping, and sex. Genetic research has revealed that some people are predisposed to addiction, but not to a specific type of addiction.